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Royal Institute of Technology Stockholm (KTH) 2014

Integrated Techno-Economic Comparative and Socio-Economic Impact Study for Increasing Energy Access in Rural Kenya

Sklivaniotis, Konstantinos Foivos

Titre : Integrated Techno-Economic Comparative and Socio-Economic Impact Study for Increasing Energy Access in Rural Kenya

Auteur : Sklivaniotis, Konstantinos Foivos

Université de soutenance : Royal Institute of Technology Stockholm (KTH)

Grade : Master of Science - Sustainable Energy Engineering 2014

Résumé partiel
Kenya is a country with high energy poverty rates while millions of people, especially in the rural areas, rely on kerosene lamps as a source of lighting. The usage of kerosene is linked with the degradation of different social and economic aspects and parameters, such as health, education, income etc. At the same time, grid extension and connection to that require a very high capital. In other words, the state’s limited financial resources do not allow the sustainable development of rural electrification while rural families cannot afford the installation and consumption costs of electricity in the areas where the national grid has reached. The latest years, alternative solutions to grid connection such as solar lamps, larger solar kits and microgrids have made their appearance in Kenya and they offer the opportunity to people to turn into cleaner and healthier sources of lighting and electricity. This MSc thesis has two goals. The first one is to measure and quantify various differences on socio-economic parameters between kerosene lamps and solar lantern users. The second one is to identify, design and compare alternative solutions to grid extension for rural electrification. Therefore, this work is separated in two parts. The first part is a socio-economic impact study, conducted in Kenya between May and July 2014 as an interview survey. The second part is a techno-economic comparative study between the different alternatives for rural electrification that exist nowadays in Kenya, which has as a base the designing and sizing of renewable energy microgrids for five remote communities in the country.

Mots Clés  : Renewable energy, Kenya, Socio-economic, techo-economic, HOMER Energy

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