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Linköping University (2008)

Making Sense of Environmental Values : Wetlands in Kenya

Billgren, Charlotte

Titre : Making Sense of Environmental Values : Wetlands in Kenya

Auteur : Billgren, Charlotte

Université de soutenance : Linköping University

Grade : Doctoral thesis 2008

One of the most important issues in the world, both for present and future genera-tions, concerns natural resource management. With a growing global population and the threat of climate change, issues relating to natural resource management will grow in importance with time. One fundamental aspect of natural resource management is how people perceive and value the environment. The value that is ascribed to natural resources will be one of the determinants in the choices that people face in regards to their management. A wide range of approaches have been suggested to approach environmental values. This thesis focuses on analys-ing the assessment of environmental values under different circumstances and needs. This is done by exploring the ways various theories have and can be used to approach natural resource valuation in different wetland management situations in Kenya. In the developing world the value of natural resources can, theoreti-cally, be seen as even higher than in the developed world, due to poor peoples’ direct dependency on their natural resources and the ecosystem services and goods that they provide. The point of departure in this thesis is six wetland areas with different management strategies and with multiple users. It examines how local communities, governmental authorities, industries and tourists perceive the value of the wetlands. By applying an arena perspective, that emphasises the need of interdisciplinarity, this thesis discusses the economic value of the environment and applies other methods such as, emergy analysis, stakeholder analysis, cultural theory and risk analysis, to enrich the valuation of environment.

Mots Clés  : Environmental values, interdisciplinarity, economic environmental valuation, stakeholder analysis, emergy analysis, risk analysis, cultural theory, Kenya, wetlands, natural resource management, arena perspective


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