Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Projets de développement → ONG/NGO Coopération décentralisée → Kenya → Strengthening community participation in the conservation of Lake Elmenteita World Heritage Site

2020

Strengthening community participation in the conservation of Lake Elmenteita World Heritage Site

Kenya

Titre : Strengthening community participation in the conservation of Lake Elmenteita World Heritage Site

Pays : Kenya

Numéro projet : KEN/SGP/OP6/Y2/STAR/BD/2019/21

Domaine : Strengthening community participation in the conservation of Lake Elmenteita World Heritage Site

Durée : 7/2020 — 8/2020

Bénéficiaire : Greater Lake Elmenteita Conservation Area

Présentation
Lake Elmenteita National Wildlife Sanctuary is a UNESCO World Heritage Site listed jointly with Lakes Nakuru and Bogoria, namely The Kenya Lakes System in the Great Rift Valley World Heritage Site. Lake Elmenteita is located in the Great Rift Valley of Kenya at 00°46’S 036°23’E. It is also a Ramsar site and an Important Bird Area (IBA). The wildlife sanctuary is set aside to protect and sustainably conserve the water body, the unique birdlife and the associated habitats. Lake Elmenteita Wildlife Sanctuary covers an area of approximately 25.33 km2 with a catchment area of 63 km2. The Lake and the Riparian area are 2968.41Ha. The Lake is fed by two rivers namely Mereroni/Mbaruk and Kariandusi as well the hot springs in the southern end. The wildlife sanctuary borders Soysambu Conservancy on the western and former Ututu ranch to the southern shores respectively and parts of these properties forms an important buffer zone for the Lake and World Heritage Site. Biodiversity of importance includes threatened bird species such as the Lesser flamingo, Lesser kestrel, Greycrested helmet-shrike, Jackson’s widowbird, and the Greater spotted eagle. At least 29 species of Palearctic migrants have been recorded in the site. The lake is a key breeding site for the Great White Pelican with over 8,000 breeding pairs, the largest in Africa (GOK, 2010). The hot springs and marshes are a key breeding area for the fish and birds. Lake Elmenteita’s riparian habitat hosts the Burchell’s Zebra, Thomson’s Gazelle, Eland, Cape buffalo and endangered and threatened species such as the Rothschild’s giraffe, lion and leopard. The concentrations of water birds in the lake and the presence of globally threatened species have contributed to the scenic beauty of the landscape. The international recognition of the lake and presence of diverse attractions has attracted over 20 tourist hotel facilities and the number is still increasing. Despite its significance the Lake is threatened by habitat degradation, encroachment and developments in riparian areas, siltation, water pollution, bathing in the hot springs, blockage of wildlife routes, habitat loss and declining wildlife numbers around the south end of the lake. Other threats include increased human activities, fences and rock walls in riparian areas, improper management of sewer by facilities, illegal logging, sand harvesting and illegal grazing encroachment into the sanctuary. This is also contributed by the fact that the gazetted boundary of the wildlife sanctuary has minimal areas of terrestrial land to act as a buffer for the lake. The World Heritage Center had previously raised concerns on the threats of uncontrolled developments around Lake Elmenteita. If this is not addressed, the continued degradation may eventually lead to delisting of Lake Elmenteita as well as Lakes Nakuru and Bogoria from World Heritage Status. To address some of the threats, GLECA is requesting for support of SGP to strengthen their capacity in order to implement environmental conservation activities within the Lake Elmenteita component of the Kenya Lakes System in the Great Rift Valley World Heritage Site.

Financement
Grant Amount : GEF (SGP) : US$ 29,999.00
Co-Finanshing in-Kind : US$ 14,857.00

GEF Small Grants Programme

Page publiée le 21 septembre 2020