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University of Manitoba (1994)

The effect of pastoral settlement on the use of rangeland resources in Olturot area of Marsabit district, Northern Kenya

Wamugi, Isaac Kamau

Titre : The effect of pastoral settlement on the use of rangeland resources in Olturot area of Marsabit district, Northern Kenya

Auteur : Wamugi, Isaac Kamau

Université de soutenance : University of Manitoba,

Grade : Master of Natural Resources Management Thesis (M.N.R.M.) 1994.

Résumé
Pastoralists in Northern Kenya are experiencing rapid socio-economic and political changes due to intrusion of modern technology and other factors beyond their control. The intent of this study is to examine how pastoral settlement and recent water development, have affected the utilization of natural grazing resources in Olturot area, Northern Kenya. The strategy included : review of historical information ; inventory of resources distribution, allocation and limitations ; and recommendation of a necessary course of action. Results indicate that pastoral settlement has been influenced by the opportunities created by projects based in the area, presence of pasture and water and the group security resulting from such settlement. As a result of the settlement, there is a more intensive use of the grazing land around the settlement area, while extensive areas, which could be used seasonally are not used. Over-grazing and direct human activities on the vegetation were found to be the leading cause of environmental deterioration around the settlement site. There is wanton destruction of young trees during construction of livestock enclosures, while regeneration of the remaining stumps is limited by livestock browsing. Consequently, grazing lands around Olturot cannot sustain long-term livestock productivity. The vegetation types do not favour continuous use, a situation which is leading to breakdown of the pastoral/ecosystem viability. Based on the findings in this study, recommended actions to mitigate and prevent negative environmental impacts include : conservation of resources ; control of resources use ; diversification and modification of economic activities ; and strategic resources allocation. Long-term solutions include : research, education and training ; coordination and consultation within institutions ; appropriate land policy, and sustainable development in natural resources management. The Government should play a major role of defining appropriate policy framework to approach arid lands development, for the benefit of the nation and the arid lands inhabitants

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