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2015

Farm Africa’s Market Approaches to Resilience (MAR) Ethiopia

Ethiopie

Titre : Farm Africa’s Market Approaches to Resilience (MAR) Ethiopia

Pays : Ethiopie

Durée : 2015 and 2018

Contexte
Lowland Ethiopians are some of the most climate vulnerable people in the world, relying primarily on rain-fed livestock and agricultural production as a source of income in the face of frequent and unpredictable droughts and floods. The little weather information available to communities is often not reliable due to the very localised nature of the rainfall and the generalised nature of forecasts. As a result, local governments have limited skills and capability to plan and respond to climate shocks. Due to the remote locations, there is also limited access to financial services, which is a critical factor in helping households diversify income streams in the face of climate shocks.

Descriptif
The MAR project has taken a “systems” approach that aims to bring about transformative changes in the ability of people in lowland Ethiopia to deal with climate shocks. The project, which was part of the £140 million (around 180 million $) Building Resilience and Adaptation to Climate Extremes and Disaster (BRACED) programme funded by the UK government, simultaneously addresses multiple drivers of climate vulnerability. The MAR project supports households, businesses and communities in better managing their resources and everyday risks. It works with private investors to address climate risks by promoting appropriate economic opportunities and designing financial models that help smooth risk. It also stimulates the appropriate diversification of economic activity among the most vulnerable, through public and private sector partnerships. These include : • Promoting insurance by providing support to the innovative design, pricing, marketing and outreach of services to communities ; • Building local government capacity for green towns ; • Helping establish village savings and loans associations ; • Supporting microfinance institutions to incorporate climate risk into their risk management portfolios and help them develop innovative credit products ; • Strengthening rapid-onset emergency response by working with the private sector to manage contingency funding ; • Supporting financial institutions to expand mobile banking to remote areas and exploring the potential for other mobile applications to improve information flow ; • Strengthening climate information by funding weather station infrastructure ; • Supporting participatory rangeland and natural resource management.

Résultats
Between 2015 and 2018 : • 6,284 people were helped to set up 327 Village Savings and Loan Associations (VSLAs), which issue loans to finance the start-up of small businesses. Estimation of benefits of income generated from the loans to be nearly five times the costs of setting up the VSLAs ; • Pastoralists were able to access livestock indemnity insurance for the first time ; • Project participants diversified their incomes by undertaking new green jobs in urban areas, adopting new farming practices, such as vegetable farming and beekeeping, and investing in new businesses ; • Food supply was increased for a third of project participants through access to VSLA loans during emergencies, im proved natural resource management and investments in livestock and farming practices ; • Livelihoods were made more climate resilient through the regeneration of depleted grazing lands, increasing the availability of food for livestock. Radio weather broadcasts and advice from 224 Early Warning and Environmental Committees means farmers are better able to anticipate, prepare and respond to shocks ; • Most of these outcomes relied on multiple interventions, highlighting the benefit of taking a holistic approach to building climate resilience.

Organismes impliqués : Farm Africa

Document source :

Page publiée le 17 juillet 2020